Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are among the most common types of injuries sustained by car accident victims. While some TBIs may be minor and the symptoms may resolve relatively quickly, other brain injuries lead to serious, lifelong complications. If you have sustained a TBI, you can consult a car accident lawyer near Douglasville to discuss your medical expenses and other losses. A personal injury lawyer can help you demand the compensation you need for your recovery. Be sure to tell your attorney about any other injuries you may have sustained in the crash, such as whiplash injuries.
How a TBI Occurs
Your brain is very vulnerable to injury. It consists of soft tissue that can be compressed or stretched due to trauma. The brain is surrounded by layers of membranes for protection. However, when the head abruptly strikes an object during a collision, the brain can move within the skull. When this happens, the sensitive brain tissue can sustain damage . A TBI may be caused by the force of the head striking the dashboard, for example. Or, a TBI may occur if an object shatters the windshield and strikes the head.
What Types of Damage May be Involved
As your personal injury lawyer can advise you, victims of car crashes who sustain severe damage may be more likely to demand significant compensation. There are primarily two types of TBIs. An open head injury means that the skull has been penetrated and the structures within are exposed. A closed head injury means that, although there is internal damage, the skull has not been penetrated. Most often, car crash victims sustain closed head injuries. However, an open head injury is possible if a sharp object strikes the head with a great deal of force during a collision.
Which Primary and Secondary Injuries Can Result
Doctors classify brain injuries according to whether they are primary or secondary. Primary injuries occur at the time of the incident. These can include skull fracture or localized injuries such as bruising or bleeding on the brain. It may also include diffuse axonal injuries, which refer to damage to the neurons and axons throughout the brain. Secondary injuries develop later, such as increased pressure within the skull.